Author Archives: zachtok

Examples of Present Versus Future – What Examples Mean

I recently laid eyes on an interesting article that gives a great example of how not thinking about the future is foolish.  These mistakes are constantly made, and not just in physically changing one’s body.  The student who overreacts and cusses out a teacher may feel great for the time being, but it can easily […]

Present Versus Future

Some people naturally value the present.  These are generally seen as the free spenders of our society, those who spend money when they have it.  On the other hand, others place more emphasis on the future than what is currently occurring.  It is my goal to determine what is more likely, and why some people […]

Book Review: Thinking Fast and Slow

I just finished reading Thinking Fast and Slow, by Daniel Kanheman.  I cannot recall a book that was so thought-provoking.  Kahneman puts you inside the human mind by describing how people think, discussing two systems of thought, heuristics and biases, overconfidence, choices, and our two selves.  After reading and tweeting about this book, I was left […]

Knowledge Issue – To what extent are we justified in trusting what others have created?

To analyze this question, assumptions must be made.  It needs to be assumed that the good or service was not created with the intention of sabotaging another person.  Another assumption is that we all have the same standards for a good or service working properly. For ways of knowing, both reason and perception can be […]

Fox News Uses Reason With Sarah Palin

Statement: Fox News used reason to decide not to extend Sarah Palin’s contract. Elaboration: Palin was a political analyst with Fox, except when Palin chose to announce that she was not running for president in 2012 through a news source that was not Fox, Fox was able to reason that she was not worth the […]

Using Perception to Determine Tendencies of Dung Beetles

Statement: Scientists used perception to suggest that dung beetles navigate by the Milky Way galaxy. Elaboration: Marie Dacke of Lund University first noticed that dung beetles are able to navigate on nights when there are not many stars in the sky, and when there is no moon.  She also saw that they were unable to […]


Since reading “42 Fallacies,” by Dr. Michael C. LaBossiere, I have become quite interested in fallacies found in everyday life, and I notice them very frequently.  You can expect to see lots of posts about fallacies I encounter each day, and hopefully all of them will be as interesting to you as they are to […]